REST API Update Resource

REST API Update Resource

In the previous article REST API Request Validation we looked at how to create a resource using POST request and Joi validation. In this article we will look at how to use REST API Update operation to modify a resource. We will also be using Joi validation to ensure security and consistency.

Compared to creation, updating of a resource has its own small nuances. Below we will outline the main steps. For a deeper dive, please watch the following YouTube video.

Describe REST API Update Resource Request Shema with Joi

Let’s create updateTravelSchema in requestsSchemas.ts file, in middleware folder.

export const updateTravelSchema = Joi.object({
  name: Joi.string().min(3).max(30),
  description: Joi.string(),
  number_of_days: Joi.number().integer().greater(0),
  is_public: Joi.bool(),
}).or("name", "description", "number_of_days", "is_public");

None of the fields are required, however at least one of them should be present. We will achieve that with Joi’s or method.

Create a Route and Repository Update Method

Let’s go ahead and create a PUT route in routes/v1/travels directory in index.ts file.

travels.put("/:id", validateRequest(updateTravelSchema), updateTravel);

It will use validateRequest middleware with updateTravelSchema and use updateTravel function form the controller for processing the request.

In the controller.ts file in the same directory let’s create updateTravel function.

export const updateTravel = async (
  req: Request,
  res: Response,
  next: NextFunction
) => {
  try {
    const repository = new TravelRepository();
    const travelResource = new TravelResource(
      await repository.update(, req.body)
    res.status(200).json({ travel: travelResource.item() });
  } catch (error) {

In the above code we instantiated Travel repository and use update method to update Travel. We wpassed and req.body into the update method. The output of the update method is passed into the instantiated Travel resource. updateTravel method returns Travel resource item with status 200 back to the user. If there’s an error, we pass it to the ErrorHandler using next function.

Now in BaseRepository.ts file we need to create update method.

async update(id: string, body: Record<string, any>): Promise<A> {
    const instance = await this.modelClass.findByPk(id);
    if (!instance) {
      return instance;
    return instance.update(body);

Frist we will try to fetch a travel instance by primary key. If there’s no instance (instance is null) we will return it. The travel resource will create a not found error and return it to the user. If instance exits, we will update it passing the body. Only fields that are in the body will be updated.

Since we are going to reuse the same code for validation errors for PUT /v1/travels request, this is all the code we need. Let’s go ahead and test it.


The ability to efficiently modify resources is at the core of user interaction and data management. By adhering to best practices, handling PUT requests effectively, and prioritizing data integrity, we ensure that our APIs not only meet user expectations but also stand resilient against potential vulnerabilities.


Joi Documentation

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